Patients with more severe hypodontia showed a tendency to exhibit a class II relationship. Pre-operative periapical radiographs were obtained. It was the patient's first visit to a dentist. Treatment plans can include orthodontic space opening or closure before prosthetic therapy, using adhesive restorative techniques, removable or fixed partial dentures, implant-supported restorations, or combinations of this approaches.
All subjects had visited the orthodontic departments of the Schools of Dentistry of Marmara University Istanbul, Turkey. An OPG showed agenesis of mandibular central incisors and maxillary lateral incisors.
Hypodontia usually requires complex treatments, ranging from single restorations to surgery and multiple restorations, associated with lifelong maintenance. Extra-oral examination revealed concave facial profile with hypoplastic maxilla and relative prognathic mandible [Figure 2].
Extra-oral examination revealed no abnormalities of the skin, hair, or nails. The type of permanent missing teeth, the affected side, the jaw and the type of malocclusion were recorded.
Based on the above findings, the case was finally diagnosed as nonsyndromic oligodontia. Clinical features and management protocols. In patients with a single tooth missing, orthodontic closure of the space can eliminate the need for prosthesis. Preliminary impressions were made using impression compound and was molded on the edentulous ridge.
The rehabilitation with removable dentures at current age and later with osseo-integrated implants served as a satisfactory treatment outcome in such patients. Intraoral examination showed presence of retained deciduous right maxillary lateral incisor. Also showed presence of retained deciduous right maxillary lateral incisor same as his sister.
Nonsyndromic oligodontia is rare. The reduction in number of teeth is attributed to the reduction in the size of the jaw in human evolution and believed to be a continuing evolutionary trend. Hypodontia may lead to some clinical problems including malocclusions, esthetic and functional complaints, and also psychological problems.
This helps in long-term and effective treatment planning according to a child's individual requirements. The permanent maxillary lateral incisors were missing clinically. First being a nonsyndromic case of missing 15 permanent teeth.
Children were excluded if they had any associated developmental anomalies eg, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip or palate, and Down syndrome and had no previous loss of teeth due to trauma, caries, periodontal disease, or orthodontic extraction or a history of orthodontic treatment.
A total of orthodontic patients girls, boys were included in this study. It is indicated only in patients with one or two missing tooth and cannot be carried out in patients with multiple missing teeth. The use of an implant prosthesis in the lower jaw could be recommended for younger patients as it is shown to significantly improve the craniofacial growth, social development and self-image.
Intraoral examination showed missing mandibular central incisors and maxillary lateral incisors. During clinical examination, maxillary central incisors were conical in shape along with bilateral peg shaped maxillary lateral incisors. Associated syndromes[ edit ] Hypodontia and anodontia are frequently associated with a multitude of genetic disorders and syndromes, approximately The age of the patients ranged from 11 to 20 years.
In cases of oculomandibulodyscephaly there are no permanent teeth but there are deciduous teeth present. It is usually a part of a syndrome and seldom occurs as an isolated entity.
No other clinical feature, except oligodontia, was present that could suggest any syndromic association. Preservation of remaining deciduous dentition and fabrication of a telescopic prosthesis in this patient provided an effective aesthetic and functional rehabilitation for the patient. Anodontia, dental agenesis, hypodontia, oligodontia How to cite this article: The patient was diagnosed as a case of oligodontia since more than six permanent teeth were congenitally missing excluding the third molars, with associated submerged mandibular primary second molars.
Intraoral view showing maxillary and mandibular teeth. Hence in this case, Oligodontia is not associated with any syndrome which is a rare finding. This is a method suitable to individuals if the space from a missing tooth is not deemed to be an aesthetic concern.
(Hypodontia and Oligodontia) "Prevalence and characteristics of non-syndromic hypodontia among Turkish orthodontic patient population". CS T ISSN I N T E R N A T I O N A L J O U R N A L O F D E N T A L C L I N I C S dromic oligodontia was made.
Oral rehabilitation was done by one piece fixed partial denture for both upper and lower arch Non-syndromic oligodontia–Report of a clinical case with 14 missing teeth. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science.
BioMed Research International is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies covering a.
Hypodontia/oligodontia that may result insignificant psychological, dental, aesthetic and functional problems is classified as isolated or nonsyndromic, where as hypodontia/oligodontia and syndromic hypodontia/oligodontia or hypodontia/ oligodontia are associated with syndromes.
5 MINIMALLY INVASIVE MANAGEMENT OF NON-SYNDROMIC OLIGODONTIA INAN ADULT ultimate objective of dental janettravellmd.comntic treatment saves the tooth but the tooth becomes brittle and prone to fracture. aesthetics in anterior all ceramic restorations are. The etiology of hypodontia can be a combination of genetic and environmental factors, and it can occur as an isolated condition (non-syndromic hypodontia) or can be associated with a systemic condition or syndrome (syndromic hypodontia).[5,6,7] Hypodontia may detrimentally affect the aesthetics and function.[4,8,9,10].Aesthetic rehabilitation of non syndromic oligodontia